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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


    Authors should submit the manuscript electronically. In order to ensure anonymity in the blind review process, all identifying materials-authors names, affiliations, contact information and acknowledgements must be removed. Manuscripts should include only the titles and abstracts for identification. A separate cover page giving authorship, institutional affiliation and contact information must be provided.
    To expedite the review process, the following format must be strictly adhered to:
    1. Manuscript should be submitted as an editable Word document. The file should include the complete text, references, tables and figures. Any revised manuscripts should be sent as a single editable Word document.
    2. Manuscripts should be written in English or French and include an abstract not exceeding 250 words.
    3. Ensure that all the characters in the text, tables, figure legends, footnotes and references are in a single typeface and point size – such as 12 pt Times New Roman.
    4. All figures or photographs should be inserted in the article as .jpg or .tif files with distinct characters and symbols at 500 dpi (dots per inch). Tables and equations should be in an editable rather than image format. Tables must be edited with Word. Equations must be edited with Equation Editor.
    5. Manuscripts should be submitted as a single-spaced document.
    6. References in the text need to be cited within parenthesis using the author-date style. The reference list must begin on a new page following the text, be typed double-spaced, be organized in alphabetical order, and conform to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association APA (Harvard style) Seventh Edition. Authors must ensure that their references are up to date and are cited accurately.

  2. UNNUMBERED BIBLIOGRAPHYBibliographic references are written in alphabetical order, in times new roman 10, single spacing and justified.
    References are introduced in the text as follows:
    • Parenthetical citation: (Dieng et al., 2019)
    • Narrative citation: Dieng et al. (2019)
      • – (Ajala, 2019) for 1 author;
      • – (Ajala and Dieng, 2019) for 2 authors;
      • – (Ajala et al., 2019) for 3 authors and more;
      • – 2 citations of same authors: (Akeredolu et al., 2015; 2019);
      • – 2 citations of same author, same date: (Omoba, 2000a; 2000b);
      • – 2 citations of different authors: (Dieng, 2010; Ajala, 2019);
      • – Citation with postfix, e.g. the page : (Dieng et al., 2015, 20) ;
      • – Citation with a prefix, e.g.: (see Dieng et al., 2015).

                                    Depending on the sentences, we can expect the following:

      • – One can refer to the method of Ajala and Dieng (2004) for the analysis……
      • – Ajala and Dieng (2004) have proposed a new method for the analysis of….

For books, thesis, internal reports and online articles: title in italics, the rest in roman


Weinstein, J. A. (2010). Social change (3rd ed.). Rowman & Littlefield.
Mosek, E. (2017). Team flow: The missing piece in performance [Doctoral dissertation, Victoria
University]. Victoria University Research Repository.

Internal Report
Ambiel, C., Adell, A., Sanguansri, P., Krause, D., Gamage, T., Garcia-Flores, R., & Juliano,             P. (2019).
Mapping Australian fruit and vegetable losses pre-retail. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial
Research Organisation.

Online Article
Soegaard M. (2008). Interaction Styles,
For journal articles, or from conference proceedings, or book chapters: Article title in Roman, Journal, Conference, Book in italics.
Eaton, T. V., & Akers, M. D. (2007). Whistleblowing and good governance. CPA Journal, 77(6), 66–71.
Ruxton, C. (2016). Tea: Hydration and other health benefits. Primary Health Care, 26(8), 34-42.
Colloquium, Conference Proceedings
Blakey, N., Guinea, S., & Saghafi, F. (2017). Transforming undergraduate nursing curriculum by aligning models of clinical reasoning through simulation. In R. Walker & S. Bedford (Eds.), Research and Development in Higher Education: Vol. 40. Curriculum Transformation (pp. 25-37). Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia.

Book chapter

Dieng, M. A. (2019). Chapter title. Book title. Paris, Lavoisier, p. 53-68.

Shah, T. H. (2018). Big data analytics in higher education. In S. M. Perry (Ed.), Maximizing social science research through publicly accessible data sets (pp. 38-61). IGI Global.


  1. Figures must be sharp (at least 300 dpi).
  2. All maps, diagrams, and graphs should be surrounded by a thin frame line.
  3. Aim for a balanced overall appearance with no large blocks of very dark shading.
  4. All maps should have a scale (with ‘km’ or other abbreviation at the right-hand end), a simple north point, and geographical coordinates or other information to fix the geographical position (eg. paired Northing and Easting marks, Arctic Circle) (see recent issues for style).
  5. Use ‘Legend’ not ‘Key’
  6. All place names mentioned in the text should be shown on a Figure
  7. Figure captions should provide sufficient information to allow the figure to be understood

    without referring to the text. Where relevant, indicate the date of the information. Provide a secondary source if used.

  8. Scientific names in italic.

  9. All measurements in metric units.

  10. Values in local currency accompanied by a USD equivalent in parentheses (i.e. equivalent at the time referred to in the text).


  1. Each table should be numbered in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, 2, 3 etc).
  2. Tables should also have a title that summarizes the whole table, maximum of 10 words.
  3. Tables should be included one after the other in the main text of the submitted manuscript.


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